The Health Research Capacity Strengthening (HRCS) programme stemmed from an agreement between Sir Mark Walport of the Wellcome Trust (WT) and Dr. Mark Lowcock of the Department for International Development (DFiD) early in 2004 to seek closer working relationship in areas of common interest in global health research. Such collaboration reflected more general moves towards greater coordination of UK research funding in global health, most clearly marked by the establishment of the UK Funders Forum for Health (presently comprising DFiD, Wellcome Trust and the Medical Research Council). The Health Research Capacity Strengthening (HRCS) initiative is funded and managed by Wellcome Trust, the Department for International Development (DFID) and IDRC. IDRC joined the initiative as both funding and implementing partner. HRCS Kenya called for the establishment of a Consortium for National Health Research (CNHR), a new nongovernmental organization, to coordinate the health research effort and spearhead capacity building activities.